Dementia is a broad term which describes mental decline. It involves the deterioration of the function of the brain. As a result, the affected individuals may experience memory issues, a poor sense of orientation, language difficulties, cognitive disabilities or any other related problems.
Dementia usually occurs at an old age. It is caused due to brain damage. Such damage may occur due to a disease which affects the brain and damages it.
Dementia leads to one or more of the following symptoms.
- Memory loss is quite common. The affected people face difficulty remembering ordinary, day-to-day incidences. They may have issues recalling recent events.
- Concentrating on a task becomes difficult. These include tasks which involve simple planning and organizing, such as cooking.
- The affected individuals face trouble carrying out a simple conversation. They often find themselves looking for the right word to complete an ordinary sentence.
- These individuals cannot see objects in 3 dimensions.
- The sense of orientation is also affected. There is difficulty in judging and calculating distances.
- A general state of confusion exists. The affected folks lose track of the day and date.
- There are mood swings, irritability as well as frustration.
Facts about Dementia
Here are some informative facts about dementia.
- It is a progressive disorder. This means the symptoms become more serious with the passage of time.
- According to WHO statistics, at present, around 47.5 million people all over the world are suffering from dementia.
- In the later stages of the disease, the affected individuals may also suffer from certain physical issues. These include muscle weakness and loss of weight.
- Currently, there are no medical treatments available which can prevent dementia.
- The disorder is a global issue. It affects individual all around the globe regardless of gender or ethnicity.
- An affected individual may also show signs of delusions and hallucinations.