Dementia is a disorder which affects the brain. It impairs the organ’s working and leads to memory issues. Other difficulties include language problems and a disrupted sense of orientation. It is a progressive disorder. In other words, the severity of the symptoms increases with time.
Depending upon its severity, dementia can be classified into various stages. The progress of the disorder varies from one person to another. It depends upon the age and the general condition of the brain. These stages are discussed below.
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Mild Cognitive Impairment or MCI is the earliest stage of dementia. It mostly occurs at an old age. This is when the victims begin to show early signs of the disorder. MCI involves the following common signs and symptoms.
- There is general forgetfulness. So, the victims have difficulty remembering day-to-day events.
- An affected individual may frequently misplace things, such as the keys or the wallet.
- There is difficulty during conversations. In other words, people face language problems. It becomes difficult to come up with the right words to express oneself properly.
MCI gradually progresses into mild dementia. The forgetfulness and language issues begin to affect the daily life. However, individuals still exhibit a normal attitude. They are capable of leading a functional life without assistance.
Generally, the following symptoms are common.
- Memory loss becomes more pronounced. So, the individuals fail to recall recent incidents.
- Misplacing objects of common use becomes more frequent.
- Tasks involving complex problem solving become difficult. As a result, everyday activities, such as money matters, cause issues.
- The affected individuals may seem withdrawn and subdued.
The disorder progresses to moderate dementia. Therefore, the individuals may need help leading everyday life. Here are some of the common symptoms of disease at this stage:
- More severe memory loss
- Poor judgment
- A general state of confusion
- An agitated and frustrated behavior
- The sufferers may seem lost. Also, they do not participate in social events.
The stage involves the most severe mental decline. It leads to the following symptoms.
- Complete inability to communicate.
- Absolute loss of the sense of orientation.
- Dependence on others for everyday tasks, such as dressing up and personal grooming.
- Physical decline occurs as one loses the capability to walk or sit on one’s own.